Linux distros: a signal to the death of Windows


Hi! It’s been a long time since I wrote a post, and finally I got the time to do this one. I have written a few articles about how Microsoft will self-destruct itself, and Windows 10 perfectly seems to go into that direction. The forced conversions of Windows 7 and 8/8.1 users to Win 10, the privacy invasion that is inevitable (Privacy Protector for Windows 10 by SoftOrbits seems like a new way to make money!)

And after a long time, finally I see the Linux distros getting mature and stable for daily life use… just love the feels! Ah! The tech freedom we get with Linux.. Android makes a bold statement. Hence.. you know what’s the article about.

tux-linux-logo

There are many plus points to the world of Linux that it is: there is something for everyone. Thousands of distros… Linux nails it. Be it daily life tasks, privacy-centric, mobile, cloud, servers, enterprises, forensics and even gaming… Linux really is the next big thing. And it is all open source and free.

But before that, I want to explain some things people confuse often.. it is so noobish.. and my tech mission cannot allow anyone to remain noob. So, what is Linux? UNIX? GNOME? KDE? Ubuntu? Debian? Packages? Repositories? Bash? And on and on and on…

Linux: it is a kernel and not an OS. it is similar to UNIX according to POSIX standards. But it is a UNIX clone. Developed by Linus Torvalds and some other developers, the most important thing related to Linux is the kernel.

NOTE: Linux is not a derived OS.

UNIX: it is one of the first operating systems (1971) after the OS/360 and proprietary machine-specific OSes. We can say it is probably the first machine-independent OS. Derived from it was the BSD OS and the Xenix OS, from which came few others like NetBSD, HP-UX etc.

BSD: it is derived from UNIX OS. From it came the FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, Sun OS and the famous Mac OS X.

GNOME: it is a desktop environment. It is just like the .NET framework, a framework for developing interfaces for OS and applications for Linux (and for some BSD derivatives).

KDE: it is a community, works of which are the famous framework itself, Plasma Desktop environment and cross-platform apps for Windows, Linux and BSD.

Bash: it is just like the PowerShell or well, maybe an advanced MS-DOS of Linux distros.

Packages: they are just like the setups of Linux distros.

Repositories: Unlike Windows or Mac OS X for which we need to find setup EXEs from file sharing sites, torrent or individual sites, for Linux distros, there is one specific point where all packages are stored waiting to be installed by 2-3 simple lines through Bash. All are categorised properly into stable, testing or bleeding edge. Some even categorise them into software types.

I want to make note of something: people think Linux is:

  • unstable: Debian and Linux Mint are solid ones
  • ugly (the command line): Linux Mint, Zorin OS, Ubuntu and Elementary OS is what you should look for
  • cannot play many games:  While it seems to be true, the scenario is changing with Android implementations for desktops (Android x86 and Remix OS) and the SteamOS.

 

The stars of the Linux world

Debian

debian-logo

It is the mother of most Linux distros (~70%). It is the top Linux distro used. It is also the mother of Ubuntu, of which I don’t know how many distros are based on. It is the perfect choice for servers and workstations. Extremely stable, and perfect by all means. Only that it is slightly complicated to use, as are many (not most) Linux distros. Ticks all boxes. Just you need to be bit proficient at using Linux.

Uses DEB package format.

 

Ubuntu

ubuntu-logo

The child of Debian, now under Canonical Ltd. It uses Unity interface right now, and has just ditched the obsolete Ubuntu Software Center and ads. Since it is part of a commercial company, the privacy concerns have increased. It’s popularity knows no bounds. Second to Debian only. Point and click… dead simple to use.

Uses DEB package format.

NOTE: Nearly 20% Debian packages DO NOT WORK in Ubuntu, even though it is a child of Debian.

 

Linux Mint

linuxmint-logo

It is identical to Ubuntu in every way. It’s just that it is more user friendly and more refined Ubuntu. That means stability at the cost of bleeding edge updates.

Uses DEB package format.

 

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)

redhat-logo

It is a mother of many distros just like Debian (though lesser). It was born end-1994. It is targeted at enterprises, workstations and commercial users, hence a less common one amongst ordinary users.

Uses RPM package format.

 

Fedora

fedora-logo

It is the child of Red Hat distro. A popular distro, it is used on all computers of the Linux creator Linus Torvalds himself. Offers many desktop environments, depending on scientific, gaming or other use.

Uses RPM package format.

 

Slackware

slackware-logo

One of the three biggies, just like Debian and Red Hat. Though it is important to mention that it is a child of SLS (1992), bit older than Debian (1993). Provides simplicity, while being powerful enough for the likes of workstations and servers. Targeted at servers I guess. Does not come in GNOME flavour, but in KDE and Xfce flavours.

Uses TGZ (TAR.GZ) and TXZ (TAR.XZ) package formats.

 

openSUSE

opensuse-logo

Born out of SUSE in end-2004, it is often touted as one of the best distros for mature Linux users. It is targeted at server and workstation use. A fierce competitor to Debian and Ubuntu.

Uses RPM package format.

 

SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLE)

suse-logo

This is a child of SUSE which was based on Slackware down the timeline. Top-class distro for enterprises.

Uses RPM package format.

 

Arch Linux

arch-linux-logo

One distro that holds its own against the competition. It seems to keep its edge over the others in all terms. Except that it uses a different package manager that goes by the name “pacman” and does not use the traditional DEB or RPM formats. It is tougher to use than the ones known for being difficult to use. You must be a pro at Linux to squeeze the potential out of it.

It is basically a barebones setup which you will transform into something you want. No presets.. sorry! For preset distros, others like Mint look upon you.

Uses “pacman” package manager.

 

CentOS

centos-logo

It is basically a free RHEL clone. Being a community-based distro, it gives a tough fight to Debian but eventually falls out. Depends whether user prioritises Debian or Red Hat.

Uses RPM package format.

 

Zorin OS

zorin-os-logo

It is a Ubuntu-based distro made to help users switch from Windows XP to Linux, since some users did not want to upgrade their hardware. Certainly a huge step forward to making users comfortable with Linux, especially when you see options to have Windows XP or Vista or 7 layouts for the OS.

Uses DEB package format.

 

SteamOS

steamos-logo

Valve Corporation really wants to help change the stereotype image of Linux, an OS that is supposed to be boring, dull and not for games. And they have got some success for sure. Boasts of over 1000 game titles in the Steam library and uses very less resources that Windows. A ray of hope for gamers in the near future (especially school and college students).

NOTE: The good thing is… it is Debian-based and has GNOME environment. Also, the Steam client in it is proprietary. Rest is open-source.

Uses DEB package format.

 

Android

android-logo

Do I need to say anything? Really? Okay.. well.. 82% share of the smartphone market. Android is not based on any major distro. It itself is a major one. It has really helped explode Linux into the world. And I really mean “explode“. It has Google’s proprietary components though. Not in the AOSP.

NOTE: There are hints of it not being privacy-centric.. all your data linked to the NS_ and it is not secure against malware.. the only selling point that iOS really uses till date.

Uses APK package format.

 

ChromeOS

chromeos-logo

The cloud OS. Not available for seperate download, though can be compiled from code. It has made a small dent to the Windows market, though Mac OS X (7% – all versions) is still more significant in the desktop market. Since it is Google’s creation, it is not privacy-centric. And the real market that developing nations are, house the adequate internet bandwidth problem.

It is kinda Google Chrome browser acting as the OS itself with its Apps and Extensions increasing its usefulness. Depends on internet connectivity for everything. Sad. Holds back its potential… seriously!

 

Tails

tails-logo

NS_ has declared Tor as the threat to spying. Its networking is entirely based on Tor. Plus many tools to to private stuff. It is the easy way to complete anonymity. Trust me on this… hardly better tools to achieve this. Though it has also helped boom cyber crime like easy weapon and drug dealings.

 

OTHER IMPORTANT ONES

other-distros-logo

Kali Linux (forensics), Elementary OS (easy to use), Puppy Linux (lightweight), Ubuntu Studio (media production), Mageia, Manjaro, PCLinuxOS, Lubuntu (lighter Ubuntu), Kubuntu (KDE-based Ubuntu), LXLE (lightweight), Tiny Core Linux (small distro), Bodhi Linux etc. are also minor ones but they hold their own significance.

 

 

CONCLUSION

I am sure this will help a lot in enlightening ordinary users about the crazy messy confusing world of Linux, and that it will help users transition into the Linux distros more easily.

Advertisements

Need help on any technology matters? Email me at harshch@outlook.com

Tagged with: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Linux

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

harsh0chaudhary

harsh0chaudhary

Need help on any technology matters? Email me at harshch@outlook.com

View Full Profile →

Enter your email address to follow HC Tech Byte and receive email notifications.

Join 152 other followers

Old Tech Bytes
Tags
5x 6p 7-zip 7-zip 9.34 alpha 7Z 7zip 7zip 9.34 7zip 16.02 7zip alpha adobe Advanced System Care Android android 4.5 android 5 Android M android nokia Android Pay anti piracy antivirus Antiy AVL Any Video Converter for Mac app settings arch arch linux asus AV avast AVG Avira AVL B1 Free Archiver backup benchmark benchmark test BIOS Bitdefender BitDefender TrafficLight Bitdefender USB Immunizer BLAKE2 BlueTooth 4.2 bluray boost Boost by Reason bootable disc bootloader BootRacer brasero browser wars burnaware call feature card slot CCEnhancer CCleaner cdburnerxp cd burning centos chrome chrome 45 chromeos clonezilla CMOS comodo comodo firewall Comodo Internet Security compression tool coolpad CPU cubic explorer cubicexplorer daemon damn small linux data recovery data recovery software data recovery tool data usage DBAN dd backup debian defraggler directory opus disc burning DiskFresh document converter dopus double commander download accelerator plus download manager downthemall Doze drivers dvd burning easeus Emsisoft Online Armor eraser eRightSoft fedora FF Multi Converter file archiver file manager file managers fingerprint firefox firefox 40 firefox call FixWin flashget flashgot foxit foxspeed foxspeed ultimate framaroot FreeARC free commander freecommander freecommander xe free commander xe free download manager freemake Free MIDI to MP3 Converter gigaget GigaTweaker Glary Utilities gmail hera GnomeRAR Google google maps google now GPU honor 5x HTC huawei idm IE imgburn install windows internet download manager Internet Explorer iolo iphone iwork java k3b kali linux Kaspersky Keka kingsoft kingsoft office kmplayer km player le1s lenovo less internet data usage lg g5 libreoffice light linkextend Linux linux mint Live CD load Windows lollipop Mac malwarebytes memory card microsoft Microsoft doomsday microsoft office Microsoft self-destruct MIDI MIUI MIUI battery saver mobile security money moto mozilla ms office multi commander multicommander mxone mx one NAND lock NanoZip nero nero linux netscape Netscape Navigator nexus nightly ninja pendisk ninja pen disk No-frills CPU nokia nokia android Nokia X2 NoScript office office 365 office suite oneplus openoffice opensuse opera opera next p7zip Panda parted magic PC Decrapifier PeaZip photoscape picasa PIPA Piracy pirates PlayStore plugins Process Piglet Process Tamer protection puppy linux Q-Dir qbittorrent r-studio RAM RAR RAR5 RARMachine recuva red hat redhat redo abckup Reduce data usage Repair rescatux rhel rle ROM ROM Toolbox root rooting rstudio s7 s7 edge samsung SAR Screen size SD card SD card slot security sensors SetCPU slackware Slim Cleaner SlimCleaner smartphone SMPS Sony SOPA speedcommander speed commander speedfan speedup SqueezeChart stamina mode steamos stellar phoenix data recovery StuffIt stylus SUPER SuperOneClick superuser suse System Mechanic systemrescuecd system rescue cd System Restore tails TAR TCPOptimizer test testdisk ToolWiz torrent total video converter trinity rescue kit TuneUp Utilities TweakMe! ubcd ubuntu ultimate boot cd ultraiso universal extractor Unix unlimited storage Unlocker unlocking unreal commander Unrevoked USB type C utorrent VirusTotal vlc VPN web browser Web Of Trust WiFi Windows Windows 7 Windows 8 Windows 8.1 Windows 10 Windows 10 Technical preview Windows XP Windows XP shutdown winpatrol winrar WinRAR 5.10 winrar 5.11 winrar 5.31 Wondershare Video Converter WOT wps wps office XDM xiaomi xperia z5 xtreme download manager yu yuphoria zenfone 2 ZIP ZIPX zonealarm zorin os
%d bloggers like this: